Are you new to welding? If so, you can probably benefit from some expert advice to point you in the right direction. Welding is a rewarding pastime, but it can be a challenging one to get to grips with. Getting some hands-on experience couldn’t be more important to learning this hobby, and you’ll need plenty of practice and time to make sure you know what you’re doing.
If you’re a complete beginner, here are a few top tips to bear in mind so you can adjust more rapidly and more effectively to your welding training.
1.Get Your Welding Equipment Right
The very first thing you need to do when learning to weld is to make sure you have all the essential equipment that you need to get started. You’ll need to select the right type of welder for the task at hand. There are several types of welding, and you’ll need to choose the correct type to suit your application. You can view more information here about how to select the best welder to meet your requirements. You must also ensure that you have all the essential safety gear to protect you while you work. Welding can be very dangerous without the right clothing, gloves and footwear to keep you safe. Ensure your eyes are protected with a suitable auto-darkening welding helmet and wear welding gloves, sturdy boots and a protective apron. This will ensure you’re safe from burns.
2.Playing With The Puddle
Welding is all about making a puddle to melt your filler material in. You’ll need to practice leading that puddle. Don’t even try to join the metals at first. You’ll discover that if you wait for too long in a single location, a hole will begin to be burned through the base metal. The distance maintained between the base and rod and the speed at which you travel are both crucial. If you’re too close, your rod is going to stick. However, if the distance is too great, the arc will be disconnected or it is sure to splatter. Travel too slowly or too quickly and the filler material will not be use up at the right rate and the result will be a weld that is inconsistent and weak.
3.Store Your Filler Rods Safely
If you give your equipment and tools proper care, you can be sure that they will be in the best condition to use when the time comes. You need your rod to be pure and your surface material to be clean if you’re going to create a weld which is strong and consistent. You should store your filler rods inside a capped PVC pipe. This will keep the safe, clean and pure. Read more about storing rods here.
4.Calibrate Your Electrode Size And Amperage Before Welding
The amperage will usually be decided by the type and size of electrode you’re using. If you use an amperage which is too low, the chances of sticking are greater. Also, the arc could stutter or even go out completely, even if you hold it at the right distance. On the other hand, if you use too high an amperage, excessive noise and burn-through can occur. The electrode could char and this will affect the flux’s effectiveness, with the puddle becoming excessively fluid and hard to control. Spattering will therefore become more likely.
5.Using Welding Solutions Which Are Ergonomic
Welding is one of the most physically demanding jobs there is, so you need to make sure you’re using your body properly in order to avoid injury. Welding can be achieved more comfortably if you find a comfortable yet stable position to work in for long periods of time. You can also use lifts or tables which will bring lower work up to the right level and store your tools in a convenient location where they can easily be accessed without needing to bend or stretch. You should also lower your welding helmet’s shield manually rather than by jerking your head as this could hurt your neck. If you tense up too much, muscle strain will occur, so staying relaxed and taking regular breaks is important.
Although welding isn’t the easiest skill to learn, if you follow these expert tips you should find that you have the best chance of success.