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Attorney’s Misconduct Exposed: Relying on ChatGPT’s False Cases Leads to Trouble

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A legal professional’s decision to employ ChatGPT for legal research backfired when he cited several non-existent cases in a court filing.

The lawyer, representing Roberto Mata in his lawsuit against Avianca Airlines, submitted a 10-page brief containing references to fictional court decisions and fabricated quotations. Among the purported cases were Martinez v. Delta Air Lines, Zicherman v. Korean Air Lines, and Varghese v. China Southern Airlines, which delved into discussions on federal law and the “tolling effect of the automatic stay on a statute of limitations.”

Assured by ChatGPT that these cases were legitimate, the lawyer proceeded with the submission, unaware that the AI had conjured up entirely fictional content.

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Unsurprisingly, neither the airline’s attorneys nor the judge could locate any trace of the cited decisions or the quotations referenced in the brief.

Consequently, the airline’s legal team notified the judge of their inability to locate these cases, leading Judge Castel to state that “six of the submitted cases appear to be bogus judicial decisions with bogus quotes and bogus internal citations.”

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The lawyer, Steven A. Schwartz, who has practised law for three decades, expressed deep regret for relying on the chatbot and claimed he was “unaware that its content could be false.” Schwartz, along with his colleague Peter LoDuca from Levidow, Levidow & Oberman law firm, has been ordered by the court to provide an explanation and face potential disciplinary action during a hearing scheduled for June 8.

This incident has highlighted concerns regarding the risks associated with artificial intelligence (AI), including the potential dissemination of misinformation and the presence of bias.

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Vanessa Waithera
Vanessa Waitherahttps://techmoran.com
Vanessa Waithera is a young writer from Daystar University. She has been a writer for 7 years and enjoys it as a hobby and passion. During her free time she enjoys nature walks, discoveries ,reading and takes pleasure in new challenges and experiences. Contact: [email protected]

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